One day after school last December, year-old Michael took the stand in a Brooklyn courtroom. His crime: His name has been changed since he is a minor. He had walked in with a scowl, but now looked like he was about to cry. The New York Police Department takes turnstile jumping very seriously. More than 37, people received incarceration time for fare evasion from to the first half of , according to state data ; 1, of them were minors.
The Impact of Teen Courts on Youth Outcomes: A Systematic Review
Teen court - Wikipedia
Traffic The juries in Teen Court are made up of trained high school volunteers, along with defendants who have previously been required to serve jury duty as a part of their sentence. All volunteers are trained by members of the local Bar association and court personnel. In contrast to other courts, Teen Court mandates that all defendants serve as jurors from Two to Twelve evenings at future Teen Court cases. Teen Court juries recommend participation in a community service agency as part of their sentence, with a minimum of fifteen hours and a maximum of one hundred hours. Other sanctions may be recommended such as drug urinalysis, boot camp, counseling, mentorship, essays, letters of apology, and restitution. Teen Court is designed to expedite the cases of the first-time misdemeanor offenders.
Special Feature: Youth/Teen Court Diversion Programs
Odds ratio of reoffending TC vs. Unable to be determined based on document s reviewed While it was clear how youth were assigned in randomized studies, most quasi-experimental studies provided few details about how youth were selected to participate in the Teen Court program. Some studies mentioned that court officials screened participants based on characteristics of the youth or family and alleged offense, whereas others mentioned that youth or families were presented with options to participate in different processing mechanisms. The exact algorithms for assigning youth to programs were generally ill defined and when such protocols were mentioned, there appeared to be a large degree of subjectivity on the part of the Court, Probation, or Teen Court official.
Court Structure[ edit ] Teen courts are staffed by youth volunteers who serve in various capacities within the program, trained and acting in the roles of jurors , lawyers , bailiffs , and clerks. Most teen courts are sentencing courts in which the offender has already admitted guilt or pleaded no contest. Many teen courts operate much like a traditional court , holding hearings before a judge and jury with the jury deliberating to determine an appropriate disposition. Other courts employ different structures, such as a judge-panel model which includes a panel of 3 to 6 youth judges who collectively hear, deliberate, and sentence the offender.